Now, investment of branches of social infrastructure, generally has to be carried out by noncommercial methods. It is caused by that most of the population is not able to pay today service of health care and education (as, however, and many other requirements) and, in compliance, with their usefulness. Therefore not to allow full disorder of this sphere, for today the state has to assume the main part of investment of the major branches working for satisfaction of welfare needs of each member of society.
improvement of reproduction structure of capital investments, increase of specific weight of costs of modernization and reconstruction of the operating enterprises due to reduction of specific weight of new construction in the production sphere;
Effectiveness of investment activity, both on micro and at the macrolevel, is defined by efficiency of use of investment resources. In this plan results of economic activity of investment branches have crucial importance. Their technological level, the organization of production, business development, ability to development of innovations make the main impact on an investment cycle, payback and return of investment resources.
Terms of construction are exceeded by 2,5-3,0 times, excess is a level of incomplete construction. As one of the reasons of it irrationality of structure of an investment cycle in construction according to which the stage of preparation occupies only about 3% of its total cost acts. 2 At the same time, in the course of redistribution of capital investments, on a stage of preparation of construction cumulative work of all workers of investment process – to the sphere with high intellectual potential - science and design is redistributed. Strengthening of a stage of preparation of an investment cycle in construction has to lead to increase of scientific and technical level of all process of expanded reproduction.
The important place among compound effective investment is taken by formation of tendencies of rational development of production of construction designs, materials and products in the direction of decrease in material capacity and construction industrialization increase.
But development of material resources of construction, considerably, has inertial character and precast concrete still some time will keep the place, but specific indicators of its use will have a steady tendency to decrease. The advancing rates use of the steel construction structures especially easy will increase in a combination with the effective heatpreserving filler, and also designs and products from aluminum alloys. Their use leads to decrease in mass of designs, buildings and constructions, reduction of terms of construction, release of a manpower, improvement of quality.
It is natural that more detailed preparation of an investment cycle demands more time and means, but it completely justifies itself owing to reduction and reduction in cost of stages of construction and development of design capacities. Besides, huge resources of capital construction a little are written off later from the economic account (and at this time they work) and earlier come back in the form of modern fixed assets and capacities.
In the conditions of market economy demand for investments is defined by their return. Therefore it is possible to assume that among the branches called above in the short term there will be some redistribution of investments into advantage of where they give the greatest return.
The analysis also shows that now capital investments, generally concentrate in the sphere of the main production. Lack of the developed services sector of production character negatively affects efficiency of a production activity. Therefore investment strategy has to be focused now on prime satisfaction of needs for development of those branches which supplement and serve the main production.
change of branch structure of capital investments from the point of view of substantial increase of a standard of living of the population in favor of branches which develop food and subjects of personal consumption (agriculture, processing industries, the light and food industry), services;